The Egyptians were the earliest recorded users of yeasts. They brewed wine and beer, and they baked bread.


You'll have the choice of making wine from 100% grape juices or from wine kits, and further choices of 4, 5, and 8 week kits. Various suppliers offer a vast selection of wine kits ( see "WINE TYPES" for the numerous types of wines available ).

Wine kits are very easy to use, and therefore a great way for the beginner to learn and experience winemaking. Wine made from kits will generally be ready to drink sooner, and you don't have to choose, crush and press the grapes. It is important to buy a quality kit, and to ensure that the grape concentrate is fresh.

For the home winemaker, space may be an issue. Making wine from a kit requires very little, but you can always visit your local winemaking center - they have all of the equipment required and they'll look after all the steps right up to bottling.

You just choose the type and quality of wine you want, start the process by adding the yeast ( see UVin/UBrew REGULATIONS ), and YOUR LOCAL U-VIN WILL DO THE REST UNTIL IT'S TIME TO BOTTLE.

Then, you...

1. Fill the bottles 2. Cork the bottles 3. Shrink-wrap the top
4. Label the bottles 5. Take home to enjoy and share

The difference between a bottle of grape juice and a bottle of wine is the alcohol. Where does the alcohol come from?

Alcohol is the result of the fermentation process. A micro-organism (yeast) converts sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide gas. The carbon dioxide escapes into the air and what's left is the wine. Yeast is a living organism and it is critical to winemaking. Without yeast, there would be no beer, wine, spirits, bread, cheese or yoghurt.

This is the process you activate when you start your batch of wine - changing grape juice (a non-regulated substance) into an alcoholic beverage (regulated). The UVin then does the rest until it's time for you to bottle.

Making wine from fresh grapes is a more complex process, but it can be more rewarding.

The main difference is in the process of preparing the must. With concentrate, sugar and acid levels are adjusted for you. When you're making wine from fresh fruit, you must not only choose, crush and press the grapes yourself, but also monitor and adjust these levels.

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